Vientiane Laos History
Situated at a bend of the Mekong River near the border with Thailand, Vientiane is considered one of the most relaxed capitals in the world to enjoy on a Laos tour. Located close to the border with Thailand and typically relaxed in its way, it reflects the history and culture of Laos. With easy-to-drive roads lined with blooming bougainvilleas and centuries-old temples, Laos "capital and largest city is easily explored in just a few days. When I visited Laos, one of my favourite things to do in Vientsiane was to sit by the river and watch the sunset at night. The capital and largest of all cities in Cambodia is located directly on or just above the Mekongs River, making it a great place to relax and watch the sunrise and sunset.
It is a great place for a picnic with friends and family and a good view of the Mekong and the city of Vientiane.
In the 2nd and 5th century, South Laos came under the control of the Chams and Indianized Malays and Central Laos were colonized by the Buddhist Indian Indonesians when Indochina opened a sea route to India. After the Chinese, the next foreign power to gain influence in Laos was the Hindu Khmer Empire, which spread throughout the country and established its capital, Angkor, in neighboring Cambodia. The French protectorate became the first of a series of colonial administrations to establish plantations in this country. By joining Cambodia and Vietnam, Laos became part of French Indo-China and the colonial administration established three separate provinces, Vientiane, Phnom Penh and Chiang Mai, which united to form what is now called Laos.
Laos had a short connection between Vientiane and Thailand via the Thai-Lao Friendship Bridge, but the British wanted to preserve Siam as a buffer zone between the two countries and the rest of Southeast Asia.
Most of Laos "agricultural production and livestock is located along the Mekong River, which forms its western border with Thailand.
The mighty Mekong stretches from Nepal to South Vietnam and forms the border with Thailand as it winds through Laos. Laos is also a landlocked country wedged between Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam and Cambodia's northern border and Thailand's southern border. The Mekong River, which flows through most of Southeast Asia, also runs through the Vientiane part of Laos.
Laos is divided into a prefecture, Nakhonluang (ViengChan), which includes the cities of Vientiane, Phnom Penh, Chiang Mai and Phuket as well as the provinces of Chonburi, Khon Kaen, Khao Lao and Nong Khai. Some of the most important national monuments in Laos are located in Vientsiane. The city is centered around the famous Buddhist temple called Luang, the largest of its kind in the world.
This ancient UNESCO-protected city was the royal capital of the Kingdom of Laos until 1975, when the Pathet Lao Party took power after a civil war. In 1883 Prudhomme transferred the French, now stationed in Cochin, China, and Cambodia, to the right bank of the Mekong, where they expanded their control over the kingdom of Luang Prabang and Vientiane, creating modern Laos. On 27 August 1946, France signed an agreement that established a monarch as king in Laos and reinstated French supremacy over the country. French troops reoccupied Laos, King Sisavang of Vong Lueng Phrabang became ruler of a united Laos, but the monarch was deposed soon after, and again Vientsiane became capital.
Although diplomatic relations between France and Laos have been suspended, close ties have since been established between the two countries. Although not nearly as strict as its neighbors, economic and political relations between Laos and its neighbors in Laos were not nearly as strong.
During these negotiations, Laos unfortunately lost a rich region of its Khorat Plateau to Siam. Laos has had a modern history that was even more terrible for Laos, as for Cambodia.
Laos is a landlocked country in Southeast Asia, surrounded by China, Vietnam, Burma, Thailand and Cambodia. Laos is surrounded on all sides by China and Vietnam, and by Thailand and Burma in the northern part of the Indo-Chinese peninsula, which is occupied by landlocked Southeast Asia.
In the 18th century, times were tough in Laos, and it would not have taken much to disappear Laos from the large dominant countries around it.
Vietnamese victory at Dien Bien Phu marked the end of the French protectorate of Laos in 1954. The mixing of the Vietnamese and Laotian civil wars made Laos a key player in the struggle to contain communism in Southeast Asia.
When the capital Vientiane sank in the war, the Laotian government fled with its military and political leadership to Cambodia. In 1975, Vientsiane and Champassak joined forces with Luang Prabang to form the independent government of Lao Issara.
The Great Mekong Sub-Region was founded and includes Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos - Thailand - Vietnam. On Aug. 5, the Mekong Agreement created the "Mekong River Commission" with Cambodia - Laos and Thailand and Vietnam as members, and on April 5 the Mekon - Sub region was founded.